برتری زنان در حافظه موردی - اما نه حافظه مبدأ - برای کلمات چینی خنثی و عاطفی
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|71074||2012||5 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||4035 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Personality and Individual Differences, Volume 52, Issue 8, June 2012, Pages 925–929
Although studies have shown females’ superiority in episodic memory, it is unclear whether such superiority is modulated by emotionality of stimuli. Furthermore, episodic memory consists of two elements – item memory and source memory. It is unclear whether females have advantages in both elements. This study examined gender differences in item memory and source memory for neutral and emotional words. The major findings are that females were superior to males in item memory for neutral and emotional words but did not differ from males in source memory. Additionally, it is enhancement of recollection rather than familiarity, that contributed to females’ superiority in recognition. The above findings highlight the need to differentiate elements of episodic memory in examining gender differences. Possible mechanisms underlying the above findings (e.g., gender differences in verbal strategies) were discussed.