مزایای توجه محرک محور برای رمزگذاری حافظه کاری
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|71416||2013||13 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||8816 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Journal of Memory and Language, Volume 69, Issue 3, October 2013, Pages 384–396
The present study investigates how stimulus-driven attention to relevant information affects working memory performance. In three experiments, we examine whether stimulus-driven attention to items can improve retention of these items in working memory. Lists of phonologically-similar and dissimilar items were presented at expected or unexpected locations in Experiment 1. When stimulus-driven attention was captured by items presented at unexpected locations, similar items were better remembered than similar items that appeared at expected locations. These results were replicated in Experiment 2 using contingent capture to boost stimulus-driven attention to similar items. Experiment 3 demonstrated that stimulus-driven attention was beneficial for both similar and dissimilar items when the latter condition was made more difficult. Together, these experiments demonstrate that stimulus-driven attention to relevant information is one mechanism by which encoding can be facilitated.