مدارهای فرونتواستریال برای تبدیل بصری حرکتی لازم است: چرخش ذهنی در بیماری پارکینسون
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|71472||2006||11 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||8321 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Neuropsychologia, Volume 44, Issue 3, 2006, Pages 339–349
The mental rotation of objects requires visuospatial functions mediated by the parietal lobes, whereas the mental rotation of hands also engages frontal motor-system processes. Nondemented patients with Parkinson's disease (PD), a frontostriatal disorder, were predicted to be impaired on mentally rotating hands. Side of PD motor symptom onset was investigated because the left motor cortices likely have a causal role in hand mental rotation. The prediction was that patients with right-side onset (RPD, greater left-hemisphere dysfunction) would commit more errors rotating hands than patients with left-side onset (LPD). Fifteen LPD, 12 RPD, and 13 normal control adults (NC) made same/different judgments about pairs of rotated objects or hands. There were no group differences with objects. When rotating hands, RPD, but not LPD, made more errors than the NC group. A control experiment evaluated whether visual field of presentation explained differences between PD subgroups. In the first experiment (1A), the hand to be mentally rotated was presented in the right visual field, but here (1B) it was presented in the left visual field. Only the LPD group made more errors than the NC group. The evidence suggests a double dissociation for the RPD and LPD groups between tasks differing in visual-field presentation. The findings indicate that hemifield location of a to-be-rotated hand stimulus can cause the hemispheric frontoparietal networks to be differentially engaged. Moreover, frontostriatal motor systems and the parietal lobes play a necessary role during the mental rotation of hands, which requires integrating visuospatial cognition with motor imagery.