دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 71681
عنوان فارسی مقاله

اثرات انتقال مجزای آموزش جنبه های مختلف گنجایش‌ حافظه کار

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
71681 2013 23 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید محاسبه نشده
خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.
عنوان انگلیسی
Distinct transfer effects of training different facets of working memory capacity
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Journal of Memory and Language, Volume 69, Issue 1, July 2013, Pages 36–58

کلمات کلیدی
آموزش شناختی؛ اثرات مدل سازی مخلوط ؛ انتقال؛ گنجایش‌ حافظه کاری
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله اثرات انتقال مجزای آموزش جنبه های مختلف گنجایش‌ حافظه کار

چکیده انگلیسی

The impact of working memory training on a broad set of transfer tasks was examined. Each of three groups of participants trained one specific functional category of working memory capacity: storage and processing, relational integration, and supervision. A battery comprising tests to measure working memory, task shifting, inhibition, and reasoning was administered before, immediately after, and 6 months after 4 weeks of computer-based training. Training groups were compared to an active control group practicing perceptual matching tasks. Data were analyzed with linear mixed-effects models that revealed distinct transfer profiles for the experimental groups: Storage-Processing training had an effect on working memory and reasoning, and Supervision training improved task shifting and reasoning. There was no such broad transfer of Relational Integration training. The degree of improvement in the training tasks correlated positively with the magnitude of transfer. Differential effects of training different functional categories of working memory and executive functions could explain why previous studies yielded mixed results: Training specific processes leads to transfer on specific cognitive constructs only.

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