دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 71941
عنوان فارسی مقاله

نشخواری خود تمرکز و حافظه شرح حال

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
71941 2004 11 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید محاسبه نشده
خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.
عنوان انگلیسی
Ruminative self-focus and autobiographical memory
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Personality and Individual Differences, Volume 36, Issue 8, June 2004, Pages 1933–1943

کلمات کلیدی
خودمتمرکز؛ نشخوار؛ بازتاب؛ حافظه شرح حال
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله نشخواری خود تمرکز و حافظه شرح حال

چکیده انگلیسی

Many studies have shown a positive relationship between elevated dispositional self-focus and emotional disorder. Trapnell and Campbell (1999) proposed that this relationship was only true for ruminative forms of self-focus, reflective self-focus being associated with psychological health. The present study aimed: (1) to examine the replicability of Trapnell and Campbell's (1999) questionnaire-based differentiation of reflective and ruminative dispositional self-focus; (2) to see whether reflection and rumination could also be differentiated using measures of autobiographical memory; (3) to see whether such memory measures could elucidate mechanisms underlying different forms of dispositional self-focus. 130 volunteers retrieved autobiographical memories to neutral cue words and completed questionnaires. Questionnaires differentiated reflection and rumination: reflection correlated with openness to experience, whereas rumination correlated with neuroticism, replicating previous findings that it is specifically ruminative self-focus that is maladaptive. Memory measures also differentiated reflection and rumination: reflection was unrelated to the affective qualities of memories, whereas rumination correlated with measures of the happiness, unhappiness and at-oneness of memories. Dispositional ruminative self-focus, like neuroticism, was specifically related to increased accessibility of memories of events where individuals felt “not at all at-one with things”. This style of memory access could underpin dispositional ruminative self-focus, which is closely linked to neuroticism.

خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.