دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 72077
عنوان فارسی مقاله

تفاوت جنسی در پاسخ به استرس مزمن و کمبود مادرزادی سروتونین

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
72077 2014 7 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید محاسبه نشده
خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.
عنوان انگلیسی
Sex differences in response to chronic mild stress and congenital serotonin deficiency
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Psychoneuroendocrinology, Volume 40, February 2014, Pages 123–129

کلمات کلیدی
سروتونین؛ فشار؛ تفاوت جنسی؛ افسردگی؛ اضطراب؛ هیپوکامپ؛ نوروژنز؛ رفتار ماوس
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله تفاوت جنسی در پاسخ به استرس مزمن و کمبود مادرزادی سروتونین

چکیده انگلیسی

Women exhibit a nearly twofold increased risk of developing depression and anxiety disorders when compared to men, a fact that has been hypothesized to result in part from increased stress susceptibility. Here, we used the tryptophan hydroxylase-2 R439H knock-in mouse (Tph2KI) and the chronic unpredictable mild stress (CMS) model to examine sex differences in response to congenital 5-HT deficiency and chronic stress. Our results demonstrate that female mice, but not 5-HT-deficient animals, exhibit significantly increased susceptibility to CMS-induced despair-like behavior in the forced swim test. In addition, female 5-HT-deficient mice exhibit anhedonia-like behavior in the sucrose preference test, whereas male 5-HT-deficient animals do not, suggesting that females exhibit increased sensitivity to at least some of the effects of congenital 5-HT deficiency. Although CMS did not reduce cell proliferation in the hippocampus, low levels of brain 5-HT were associated with increased hippocampal cell proliferation, an effect that was predominantly observed in females. Overall, these results highlight the importance of interactions between psychiatric disease risk factors such as sex, chronic stress and congenital 5-HT deficiency in the development of aberrant emotional behavior.

خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.