دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 72113
عنوان فارسی مقاله

اثرات نسبی اذیت و آزار، سرخوردگی و ویژگی های کار بر روی واکنش های قلبی و عروقی

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
72113 2003 15 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید محاسبه نشده
خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.
عنوان انگلیسی
Relative effects of harassment, frustration, and task characteristics on cardiovascular reactivity
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : International Journal of Psychophysiology, Volume 47, Issue 2, February 2003, Pages 159–173

کلمات کلیدی
مقابله فعال، خشم؛ واکنش قلب و عروق؛ رقابت؛ سرخوردگی ؛ آزار و اذیت - ویژگی های کار
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله اثرات نسبی اذیت و آزار، سرخوردگی و ویژگی های کار بر روی واکنش های قلبی و عروقی

چکیده انگلیسی

Effects of anger induction procedures such as frustration and harassment on cardiovascular reactivity have been demonstrated in a wide range of experimental situations. Similarly, heightened cardiovascular reactivity has been associated with a diverse range of tasks involving active coping, competition and interpersonal interaction. The present study sought to directly compare the relative effects of these two important ways of inducing cardiovascular changes. One hundred and five university students performed two tasks that differed in the degree of active coping and interpersonal competition: a competitive psychomotor task and a problem-solving task. States of anger were induced during both tasks by means of harassment, frustration or frustration+harassment. Task-related changes in heart rate, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, pulse volume amplitude and respiratory sinus arrhythmia amplitude were monitored. The competitive psychomotor task produced greater cardiovascular reactivity than did the problem-solving task. Harassment and frustration+harassment provoked more cardiovascular reactivity than did frustration alone. However, harassment and frustration+harassment had the greatest cardiovascular effects in the competitive task, whereas frustration had the greatest cardiovascular effects in the problem-solving task. In this sense, the increases on cardiovascular reactivity seem to depend on the interaction between anger induction procedures and the context in which anger is provoked.

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