دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 72130
عنوان فارسی مقاله

تفاوتهای جنسی در توجه بصری نسبت به چهره نوزاد

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
72130 2013 8 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید محاسبه نشده
خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.
عنوان انگلیسی
Sex differences in visual attention toward infant faces ☆
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Evolution and Human Behavior, Volume 34, Issue 4, July 2013, Pages 280–287

کلمات کلیدی
توجه بصری؛ علاقه در نوزادان؛ تکامل انسان؛ تفاوت جنسی
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله تفاوتهای جنسی در توجه بصری نسبت به چهره نوزاد

چکیده انگلیسی

Parental care and alloparental care are major evolutionary dimensions of the biobehavioral repertoire of many species, including human beings. Despite their importance in the course of human evolution and the likelihood that they have significantly shaped human cognition, the nature of the cognitive mechanisms underlying alloparental care is still largely unexplored. In this study, we examined whether one such cognitive mechanism is a visual attentional bias toward infant features, and if so, whether and how it is related to the sex of the adult and the adult’s self-reported interest in infants. We used eye-tracking to measure the eye movements of nulliparous undergraduates while they viewed pairs of faces consisting of one adult face (a man or woman) and one infant face (a boy or girl). Subjects then completed two questionnaires designed to measure their interest in infants. Results showed, consistent with the significance of alloparental care in human evolution, that nulliparous adults have an attentional bias toward infants. Results also showed that women’s interest in and attentional bias towards infants were stronger and more stable than men’s. These findings are consistent with the hypothesis that, due to their central role in infant care, women have evolved a greater and more stable sensitivity to infants. The results also show that eye movements can be successfully used to assess individual differences in interest in infants.

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