دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 72150
عنوان فارسی مقاله

نقش زمان خواب در یادگیری مشاهده ای کودکان

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
72150 2015 8 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید 6510 کلمه
خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.
عنوان انگلیسی
The role of sleep timing in children’s observational learning
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Neurobiology of Learning and Memory, Volume 125, November 2015, Pages 98–105

کلمات کلیدی
خواب؛ یادگیری از طریق مشاهده، تثبیت حافظه؛ کودکان در مدرسه سن؛ آزمایش اینترنتی
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چکیده انگلیسی

Acquisition of information can be facilitated through different learning strategies, classically associated with either declarative or procedural memory modalities. The consolidation of the acquired information has been positively associated with sleep. In addition, subsequent performance was better when acquisition was quickly followed by sleep, rather than daytime wakefulness. Prior studies with adults have indicated the viability of the alternative learning strategy of observational learning for motor skill acquisition, as well as the importance of sleep and sleep timing. However, relatively little research has been dedicated to studying the importance of sleep for the consolidation of procedural memory in children. Therefore, this study investigated whether children could encode procedural information through observational learning, and whether sleep timing could affect subsequent consolidation and performance. School-aged children aged 9–12 years (N = 86, 43% male, Mage = 10.64 years, SD = .85) were trained on a procedural fingertapping task through observation, either in the morning or evening; creating immediate wake and immediate sleep groups, respectively. Performance was evaluated the subsequent evening or morning on either a congruent or incongruent task version. Observation and task execution was conducted using an online interface, allowing for remote participation. Performance of the immediate wake group was lower for a congruent version, expressed by a higher error rate, opposed to an incongruent version; an effect not observed in the immediate sleep group. This finding showed that observational learning did not improve performance in children. Yet, immediate sleep prevented performance reduction on the previously observed task. These results support a benefit of sleep in observational learning in children, but in a way different from that seen in adults, where sleep enhanced performance after learning by observation.

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