دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 72153
عنوان فارسی مقاله

یادگیری مشاهدهای مدل های متحرک: اثر روش درمانی و انعکاس آن روی انتقال

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
72153 2009 8 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید محاسبه نشده
خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.
عنوان انگلیسی
Observational learning from animated models: Effects of modality and reflection on transfer ☆
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Contemporary Educational Psychology, Volume 34, Issue 1, January 2009, Pages 1–8

کلمات کلیدی
نظریه بار شناختی؛ روش؛ مدلسازی شناختی؛ بازتاب؛ تصاوير متحرك
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله یادگیری مشاهدهای مدل های متحرک: اثر روش درمانی و انعکاس آن روی انتقال

چکیده انگلیسی

Animated models use animations and explanations to teach how a problem is solved and why particular problem-solving methods are chosen. Often spoken explanations are proposed to accompany animations in order to prevent overloading the visual channel (i.e., the modality effect). In this study we adopt the hypothesis that the inferior performance of written text compared to spoken text is due to the fact that written text receives less attention and, consequently, less effortful processing. In a 2 × 2 factorial experiment (N = 96) with the factors modality (written, spoken) and reflection (reflection prompts, no reflection prompts) the hypothesis is tested that prompted reflection requires learners to explicitly attend to written explanations and carefully process them, thus yielding higher transfer performance, whereas for spoken explanations prompted reflection would have no effect on transfer performance. The results indeed showed the hypothesized interaction between modality and reflection prompts. They suggest that the modality effect can be compensated for when learners explicitly attend to the information and effortfully process it. This has implications for learning situations in which spoken explanations are no option, such as education for the hearing-impaired.

خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.