یادگیری برای خلاق شدن: اثرات یادگیری مشاهده ای بر روی محصولات طراحی و فرآیندهای دانش آموزان
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|72161||2013||13 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||9892 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Learning and Instruction, Volume 28, December 2013, Pages 35–47
Previous research indicated that observing is an effective learning activity in various domains. Can observational learning also be beneficial in enhancing creativity in art and design education? We hypothesized that observation has a positive effect on creativity measured in the designing process and the final products. 61 Students (ninth grade) participated in an experiment with a pre-post-test control group design, with randomized assignment to two conditions. In the observational learning condition participants observed and evaluated – on video – peers doing design tasks while concurrently thinking aloud. In the direct instruction condition participants were executing these design tasks themselves. The participants were pre- and post-tested on design tasks. Results indicated that observation had beneficial effects on creativity in the design products compared to the direct strategy instruction for high aptitude students, but not for low aptitude students. Students who observed generally brainstormed more and reported a more process oriented approach.