دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 72172
عنوان فارسی مقاله

انتظارات نتایج آزارنده تفاضلی برای شکار قوی و ضعیف حیوانات ترسناک

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
72172 2003 12 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید محاسبه نشده
خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.
عنوان انگلیسی
Differential aversive outcome expectancies for high- and low-predation fear-relevant animals
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, Volume 34, Issue 2, June 2003, Pages 117–128

کلمات کلیدی
ترس از حیوانات؛ انزجار؛ انتظار UCS؛ اضطراب
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله انتظارات نتایج آزارنده تفاضلی برای شکار قوی و ضعیف حیوانات ترسناک

چکیده انگلیسی

There is now considerable evidence that phobic responding is associated with a bias towards expecting aversive or traumatic outcomes following encounters with the phobic stimulus (e.g. Behavioural Brain Sci. 18 (1995) 289–325; Phobias: A Handbook of Theory, Research and Treatment. Wiley, Chichester, 1997). In terms of conditioning contingencies, this can be described as a bias towards expecting an aversive unconditioned stimulus (UCS) following a phobic conditioned stimulus (CS). The disease-avoidance model of animal fears (Anxiety Res. 4 (1992a) 314; Matchett and Davey, 1991) suggests that common animal fears may be mediated by at least two kinds of selective associations: (1) a bias towards expecting physically harmful consequences associated with predatory animals, and (2) a bias towards expecting disgust or disease-relevant consequences associated with animals that are fear-relevant (FR) but normally physically harmless. The present study investigated this model of selective associations by comparing the UCS expectations elicited by high-predation FR, low-predation FR and safe (fear-irrelevant) animals. The results indicate that high-predation animals are selectively associated with a pain relevant UCS, whilst low-predation animals are selectively associated with a disgust-relevant UCS. Safe animals were not strongly associated with either class of UCS. These findings provide evidence for a possible associative mechanism by which changes in nonspecific levels of disgust sensitivity may directly affect levels of fear to low-predation FR animals.

خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.