دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 72183
عنوان فارسی مقاله

درمان رفتاری شناختی برای هراس های خاص یک کودک با نشان دادن رفتار مشکل و تأخیر در رشد

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
72183 2007 13 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید محاسبه نشده
خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.
عنوان انگلیسی
Cognitive-behavioral treatment for specific phobias with a child demonstrating severe problem behavior and developmental delays ☆
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Research in Developmental Disabilities, Volume 28, Issue 6, November–December 2007, Pages 546–558

کلمات کلیدی
درمان رفتاری شناختی؛ درمان تجربی ؛ هراس خاص؛ ناتوانی رشدی؛ رفتار شدید
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله درمان رفتاری شناختی برای هراس های خاص یک کودک با نشان دادن رفتار مشکل و تأخیر در رشد

چکیده انگلیسی

Cognitive-behavioral treatments (CBTs) are widely used for anxiety disorders in typically developing children; however, there has been no previous attempt to administer CBT for specific phobia (in this case study, one-session treatment) to developmentally or intellectually disabled children. This case study integrates both cognitive-behavioral and behavior analytic assessment techniques in the CBT of water and height phobia in a 7-year-old male with developmental delays and severe behavior problems. One-session treatment [Öst, L. G. (1989). One-session treatment for specific phobias. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 27, 1–7; Öst, L. G. (1997). Rapid treatment of specific phobias. In G. C. L. Davey (Ed.), Phobias: A handbook of theory, research, and treatment (pp. 227–247). New York: Wiley] was provided for water phobia and then 2 months later for height phobia. The massed exposure therapy sessions combined graduated in vivo exposure, participant modeling, cognitive challenges, reinforcement, and other techniques. Both indirect and direct observation measures were utilized to evaluate treatment efficacy. Results suggested CBT reduced or eliminated behavioral avoidance, specific phobia symptoms, and subjective fear. Negative vocalizations were reduced during height exposure following treatment. Vocalizations following treatment for water phobia were less clear and may have been indicative of typical 7-year-old protests during bath time. Findings indicate CBT can be effective for treating clinical fears in an individual with developmental disabilities and severe behavior. Future research in this population should examine CBT as an alternative to other techniques (e.g., forced exposure) for treating fears.

خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.