دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 72402
عنوان فارسی مقاله

شیوع و عوامل مرتبط با وابستگی خواب در بیماران ژاپنی با اختلالات روانی

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
72402 2015 6 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید محاسبه نشده
خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.
عنوان انگلیسی
Prevalence and associated factors of hypnotics dependence among Japanese outpatients with psychiatric disorders
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Psychiatry Research, Volume 230, Issue 3, 30 December 2015, Pages 958–963

کلمات کلیدی
بنزودیازپین ها؛ وابستگی؛ عوامل خطر؛ پرسشنامه وابستگی 2-A؛ بیخوابی؛ اختلالات روانی؛ عوارض جانبی
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله شیوع و عوامل مرتبط با وابستگی خواب در بیماران ژاپنی با اختلالات روانی

چکیده انگلیسی

This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of the dependence for benzodiazepine or their agonist (BZDs) hypnotics, as well as factors associated with this dependence among Japanese psychiatric outpatients. One thousand and forty-three patients in the psychiatric outpatient clinic of Tokyo Medical University Hospital receiving treatment with BZDs hypnotics were analyzed. The subjects answered questionnaires including demographic variables, subjective sleep difficulty assessed by the Pittsburg Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), duration of hypnotics medication, dose of diazepam equivalent BZDs hypnotics, the presence or absence of subjective side effects due to BZDs hypnotics (dizziness, fatigue, daytime sleepiness, amnesia, and headache), and dependency assessed by the Dependency 2-A (D 2-A) score. Subjects with a D 2-A score ≥10 were considered as having BZDs hypnotics dependence, and the variables associated with the presence of dependence were examined using logistic regression analyses. Eighty-two out of the 1043 subjects (7.9%) were determined to have BZDs hypnotics dependence. Compared with the non-dependence group, the dependence group had a significantly higher proportion of positive respondents for all the side effects. Multiple logistic regression analyses showed that the dependence was significantly associated with younger age, higher total PSQI score, and higher daily dose of BZDs hypnotics. Younger age, higher total PSQI score, and higher dose may be associated with BZDs hypnotics dependence. The finding that patients with BZDs hypnotics dependence frequently suffered from subjective side effects and had greater sleep difficulty encourages the establishment of alternative treatments for patients with insomnia symptoms refractory to BZDs hypnotics treatment.

خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.