دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 72416
عنوان فارسی مقاله

نرخ اختلالات روانپزشکی DSM-IV در میان نوجوانان در یک منطقه بزرگ شهری

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
72416 2007 9 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید محاسبه نشده
خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.
عنوان انگلیسی
Rates of DSM-IV psychiatric disorders among adolescents in a large metropolitan area
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Journal of Psychiatric Research, Volume 41, Issue 11, December 2007, Pages 959–967

کلمات کلیدی
نوجوانان؛ شیوع؛ اختلال؛ عوامل خطر؛ جمعیت شهری
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله نرخ اختلالات روانپزشکی DSM-IV در میان نوجوانان در یک منطقه بزرگ شهری

چکیده انگلیسی

We present prevalence data for adolescents in a large metropolitan area in the US and the association of DSM-IV diagnoses to functional impairment and selected demographic correlates. We sampled 4175 youths aged 11–17 years from households enrolled in large health maintenance organizations. Data were collected using questionnaires and the Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children, Version IV (DISC-IV). Impairment was measured using the Child Global Assessment Scale and diagnostic specific impairment in the DISC-IV. 17.1% of the sample met DSM-IV criteria for one or more disorders in the past year; 11% when only DISC impairment was considered and 5.3% only using the CGAS. The most prevalent disorders were anxiety (6.9%), disruptive (6.5%), and substance use (5.3%) disorders. The most prevalent specific disorders were agoraphobia, conduct and marijuana abuse/dependence, then alcohol use and oppositional defiant disorder. Younger youths and females had lower odds for any disorder, as did youths from two parent homes. There was increased odds associated with lower family income. Females had greater odds of mood and anxiety disorders, males of disruptive and substance use disorders. There were greater odds of mood and disruptive disorders for older youths. Prevalences were highly comparable to recent studies using similar methods in diverse non-metropolitan populations. We found associations with age, gender, and to a lesser extent, socioeconomic status reported in previous studies. The inclusion of both diagnosis-specific impairment and global impairment reduced prevalence rates significantly. Our results suggest commonality of prevalences and associated factors in diverse study settings, including urban and rural areas.

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