پیش بینی اثر فلین از طریق انتزاع واژه: نتایج از آزمون اطلاعات ملی با پشتیبانی از توضیح اثر فلین
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|72533||2016||8 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||8566 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Intelligence, Volume 57, July–August 2016, Pages 7–14
The current study investigates the Flynn Effect (FE) and its relation to abstract thinking ability. We compare two cohorts of Estonian students (1933/36, n = 888; 2006, n = 912) using the Concepts (Logical Selection) subtest of the Estonian adaptation of the National Intelligence Tests (NIT). The item presentation order of the subtest correlates with the abstractness of the words used in the items (r = .609) of the subtest. The different test results (right, wrong and missing answers) were analysed in order to make an estimate of the FE magnitude. The FE for abstract thinking ability of those samples was 1.06 Hedges' g (adjusted for guessing). The magnitude of the FE is dependent upon the degree of difficulty of the items (an item's difficulty is estimated by determining its abstractness and its familiarity to students). The more difficult part of the subtest (the second half) showed a FE = 1.80 whereas the easier part (the first half) of the subtest showed a FE = .72. Word abstractness was a strong predictor of all the testing results in both cohorts (Beta = .700). The familiarity of words used in the test items has no correlation with the test results if word abstractness is controlled in both cohorts. Our findings support Flynn's explanation that the FE is primarily an indicator of the rise in abstract thinking ability.