دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 72700
عنوان فارسی مقاله

عمل یا انفعال؟ گرایش رویکرد اجتناب اجتماعی در افسردگی اساسی

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
72700 2014 5 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید محاسبه نشده
خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.
عنوان انگلیسی
In action or inaction? Social approach–avoidance tendencies in major depression
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Psychiatry Research, Volume 219, Issue 3, 30 November 2014, Pages 513–517

کلمات کلیدی
افسردگی؛ رویکرد اجتناب؛ حالات چهره؛ هیجانی؛ تعامل اجتماعی
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله عمل یا انفعال؟ گرایش رویکرد اجتناب اجتماعی در افسردگی اساسی

چکیده انگلیسی

In depression, approach deficits often impair everyday social functioning, but empirical findings on performance-based measurements of approach–avoidance behavior remain conflicting. To investigate action tendencies in patients with depression, the current study used an explicit version of the Approach–Avoidance Task (AAT). In this task, participants responded to emotional faces by either pulling a joystick toward (approach) or pushing it away from themselves (avoid). Reaction times to happy and angry expressions with direct and averted gaze were assessed in 30 patients with major depressive disorder and 20 matched healthy controls. In contrast to healthy individuals, depressed patients did not show approach–avoidance tendencies, i.e., there was no dominant behavioral tendency and they reacted to happy and angry expressions likewise. These results indicate that behavioral adjustments to different emotional expressions, gaze directions or motivational demands were lacking in depression. Crucially, this distinguishes depressed patients not only from healthy individuals, but also from other clinical populations that demonstrate aberrant approach–avoidance tendencies, e.g., patients with social anxiety or psychopathy. As responding flexibly to different social signals is integral to social interactions, the absence of any social motivational tendencies seems maladaptive, but may also provide opportunities for modifying action tendencies in a therapeutic context.

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