دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 7281
عنوان فارسی مقاله

پیشنهادی برای هزینه برق سالانه در تایلند بر اساس متدولوژی ردیابی برق

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
7281 2003 8 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید محاسبه نشده
خرید مقاله
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عنوان انگلیسی
A proposal for annual power fee in Thailand based on electricity tracing methodology
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Electric Power Systems Research, Volume 64, Issue 3, March 2003, Pages 219–226

کلمات کلیدی
- تایلند - روش ردیابی برق - هزینه های حاشیه ای کوتاه مدت -
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله پیشنهادی برای هزینه برق سالانه در تایلند بر اساس  متدولوژی ردیابی برق

چکیده انگلیسی

It is envisaged that by 2003 electrical energy in Thailand will be freely traded under the new electricity supply industry (ESI) structure. The transmission use of system charge will be based on the short run marginal cost (SRMC). The well-known issue with the SRMC is its inability to recover the embedded cost of the transmission system. To recover such cost, the Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand (EGAT) proposed an annual power fee based on the proportion of generation and demand in each zone. As such fee gives a crude signal towards investment in a particular zone, in this paper application of the electricity tracing methodology has been investigated. Tracing-based fee can be seen as a refinement of the crude fee based on the proportion of zonal generation and demand as it takes into account how the zonal imbalance of generation and demand loads up transmission facilities in other zones. In addition, the paper provides an alternative combined zonal and nodal annual power fee where the nodal component of the annual power fee provides an additional signal towards a balanced location of generation and demand within a zone. Analysis of the results for Thai system has confirmed that the proposed methodology provides intended signals.

مقدمه انگلیسی

At present, the Thai Electricity Supply Industry (ESI) structure is vertically integrated. The Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand (EGAT) owns and operates transmission facilities and most of the generation. The Metropolitan Electricity Authority (MEA) and Provincial Electricity Authority (PEA) are accountable for distribution. EGAT, MEA, and PEA are government owned. This type of structure lacks the competition, which eventually may result in over-investments and inefficiencies in operation. To create a competitive environment in Thai ESI, the National Energy Policy Office (NEPO) of Thailand has decided to restructure the ESI following a commonly adopted scheme of separating generation, transmission, and distribution sectors. The competition in generation sector should eventually improve the efficiency in procuring electricity to meet the demand with better services, fair price, and acceptable reliability. The transmission system, run by a monopolistic transmission company subjected to regulation, will be treated as a common carrier that ensures fair competition in generation. The distribution companies are to be free to look for economically efficient contracts with generators [1]. Once the power pool is fully operational, nodal energy prices will be based on locational marginal pricing (LMP) [2]. The merchandise surplus left over after charging all the consumers, and paying all the generators, at nodal marginal prices will be passed on to the transmission company to pay for the cost of transmission. The well-known problem with the short run marginal pricing is its inability to recover the embedded cost of the transmission system [3]. To solve this problem, EGAT is expected to implement a supplementary charge, the annual power fee, that will be used to recover the embedded cost and which will be imposed on both generators and consumers. As currently proposed, the fee will be simply based on the proportion of generation and demand in each zone. As a result, the annual power fee will be high for generators, and low for consumers, in a zone where generation exceeds demand. And conversely, the fee will be low for generators, and high for consumers, in a zone where demand exceeds generation. Although such fee would provide a locational signal signaling investment opportunity in a given zone, the simple proportional rule is quite crude and it may not send sufficient signals. In particular, the rule does not reflect the effect the generation/demand imbalance in a particular zone has on other zones in the system. In this paper, application of the electricity tracing method [4] and [5], which allows to evaluate the usage of the system by a user, is investigated. Tracing-based fee can be seen as a refinement of the crude fee based on the proportion of zonal generation and demand as it takes into account how the zonal imbalance of generation and demand loads up transmission facilities in other zones. The paper describes implementation of the zonal annual power fee as originally envisaged by EGAT, and compares it with the tracing-based fee. The paper also provides an alternative combined zonal and nodal annual power fee for consumers based on electricity tracing. The aim of that fee is to refine the zonal signal by providing an additional pricing signal for optimal consumer location within a zone.

نتیجه گیری انگلیسی

This paper briefly describes the restructuring of Thai ESI, and provides details of transmission pricing method that will be used when the restructuring is completed. In order to recover the required transmission revenue, annual power fee based on the proportion of generation and demands within each zone has been proposed by EGAT. In this paper an alternative annual power fee has been proposed which is based on the concept of electricity tracing. It can be seen as a refinement of the crude fee based on the proportion of zonal generation and demand as it takes into account how the zonal imbalance of generation and demand loads up transmission facilities in other zones. Both methods provide signals towards balancing the generation and consumption between the zones, but the tracing-based signals are much sharper. In addition, a modification of the tracing methodology has been proposed which combines zonal and nodal signals. The zonal component of the annual power fee sends a locational signal to balance the generation and demand in each zone, whereas the nodal component of the annual power fee provides a signal towards a balanced location of generation and demand within a zone. Analysis of the results for Thai system has confirmed that the proposed methodology provides intended signals.

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