دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 73559
عنوان فارسی مقاله

تنظیمات مختلف برای فرصت های مختلف؟ توضیح تفاوت نژاد در پیشرفت تحصیلی از دوستان

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
73559 2012 16 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید محاسبه نشده
خرید مقاله
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عنوان انگلیسی
Different preferences or different opportunities? Explaining race differentials in the academic achievement of friends
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Social Science Research, Volume 41, Issue 4, July 2012, Pages 888–903

کلمات کلیدی
نوجوانان؛ پیشرفت تحصیلی؛ دوستی؛ قومیت/نژاد؛ مدارس
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله تنظیمات مختلف برای فرصت های مختلف؟ توضیح تفاوت نژاد در پیشرفت تحصیلی از دوستان

چکیده انگلیسی

A popular explanation for race and ethnic disparities in academic achievement is that minorities are exposed to different peers and have different opportunities to make friends with high-achievers. Although we know that adolescents from different race and ethnic groups attend different schools and that they choose different friends, we do not know how these different opportunities affect the friends they make. This paper fills this gap by studying how the opportunities within adolescents’ schools affect race and ethnic differences in the academic characteristics of friends. Using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health and the conditional logit and opportunities framework, I account for adolescents’ different opportunities to make friends both within and across schools. Ignoring their different opportunities, Black and Latino adolescents’ nominated friends have significantly lower levels of achievement than white adolescents. After accounting for their different opportunities to make friends within and between schools, race and ethnic differences in the achievement characteristics of friends disappear. If Black and Latino adolescents’ opportunity structures were identical to white adolescents’, their probabilities of nominating high-achieving friends would not differ.

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