کرنوتایپ، توانایی های شناختی و پیشرفت تحصیلی: مطالعه فراتحلیلی
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|73572||2011||10 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||9433 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Learning and Individual Differences, Volume 21, Issue 5, October 2011, Pages 483–492
Four meta-analyses examined relationships between morningness and cognitive ability (total N = 2177), eveningness and cognitive ability (total N = 1519), morningness and academic achievement (total N = 3220), and eveningness and academic achievement (total N = 700). The analyses focused on the population effect size (to reveal the effect across studies) and the homogeneity (to determine if the results of the several experiments are sufficiently similar to warrant their combination into an overall result). In all four cases, the aggregated correlations between chronotype and cognitive ability, as well as chronotype and academic achievement were found to be significant. Eveningness was found to be positively related to individuals' cognitive ability (r = .08), yet negatively related to indicators of academic achievement (r = −.14). Conversely, morningness had a negative relationship with cognitive ability (r = −.04) and a positive correlation with academic indicators (r = .16). Practical implications, including those pertaining to educational policy, are discussed.