مطالعه برچسب باز تصادفی از عمل گاباپنتین و لاموتریژین در بزرگسالان مبتلا به ناتوانی یادگیری و صرع مقاوم در برابر درمان
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|73720||2001||9 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||4754 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Seizure, Volume 10, Issue 2, March 2001, Pages 107–115
The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of gabapentin in patients with learning disabilities and resistant epilepsy, comparing the effects of gabapentin with lamotrigine on efficacy, behaviour and mood. An open-label, randomized, parallel group, multicentre add-on study comparing gabapentin with lamotrigine in 109 patients with drug-resistant localization-related epilepsy and learning disabilities was conducted: 39 patients were randomized to gabapentin and 44 to lamotrigine. The study population had a range of learning disabilities and severe partial epilepsy. The percentage of patients achieving a greater than or equal to 50% reduction in seizure frequency on gabapentin was 50%, (mean reduction in seizures was 51%). Compared to 48.6% of lamotrigine patients , no statistically significant treatment differences could be identified. The safety profile of both drugs was consistent with that seen in previous clinical trials. Carer-rated visual analogue scales detected significant improvements (P< 0.05) for the gabapentin-treated patients in seizure severity, attention, general health and sleeping pattern, while for lamotrigine seizure severity improved significantly. For learning disabled patients with resistant epilepsy, gabapentin and lamotrigine provide safe and effective treatment, with positive benefits on behaviour.