بررسی همبستگی بلوغ دندان و سن شناسنامه در بیماران مبتلا به فلج مغزی، عقب ماندگی ذهنی و سندرم داون
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|73908||2011||10 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||7554 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Research in Developmental Disabilities, Volume 32, Issue 2, March–April 2011, Pages 808–817
Determining a child's chronological age and stage of maturation is particularly important in fields such as paediatrics, orthopaedics, and orthodontics, as well as in forensic and anthropological studies. Some systemic conditions can cause abnormal physiological maturation, and skeletal maturation is usually more delayed than dental maturation. The aim of this study was to determine dental age in a group of patients with the most prevalent congenital or perinatally occurring physical and mental disabilities. The study group comprised 155 white Spanish children aged 3–17 years (35 with cerebral palsy, 83 with mental retardation and no associated syndromes or systemic conditions, and 37 with Down syndrome). The dental maturation indices described by Nolla and Demirjian were used to generate regression lines for the dental age of individuals in a control group (688 white Spanish children aged 3–17 years) and the formulae were then used to determine the dental age of patients in the study group. No significant differences were found between dental and chronological age in boys with cerebral palsy, mental retardation, or Down syndrome. In contrast, dental age (calculated from the linear regression model that included values for the Demirjian index) was significantly delayed compared with chronological age in girls with cerebral palsy or Down syndrome.