دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 73913
عنوان فارسی مقاله

تراکم استخوان و قدرت عضلات تنفسی در مردان با عقب ماندگی ذهنی (با و بدون سندرم داون)

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
73913 2010 5 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید محاسبه نشده
خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.
عنوان انگلیسی
Bone mineral density and respiratory muscle strength in male individuals with mental retardation (with and without Down Syndrome)
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Research in Developmental Disabilities, Volume 31, Issue 6, November–December 2010, Pages 1585–1589

کلمات کلیدی
سندرم داون - تراکم مواد معدنی استخوان؛ قدرت عضلانی تنفسی
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله تراکم استخوان و قدرت عضلات تنفسی در مردان با عقب ماندگی ذهنی (با و بدون سندرم داون)

چکیده انگلیسی

The purpose of this study was to assess the respiratory muscle strength (RMS) in individuals with mental retardation (MR), with or without Down Syndrome (DS), and its association with bone mineral density (BMD). Forty-five male individuals (15 with DS, 15 with mental retardation (MR) and 15 apparently healthy controls), aged 20–35, participated in this study. Subject assessment included pulmonary function tests, RMS (maximal inspiratory pressure, MIP, and maximal expiratory pressure, MEP) and BMD of the second and fourth lumbar vertebrae. ANOVA was used to test differences amongst groups. Tukey post hoc test was utilized when significant differences were detected with ANOVA. Bivariate correlation for BMD and respiratory muscle strength was calculated with Pearson's coefficient of correlation. Individuals with MR, both with and without DS, have lower FEV1, FVC, MIP and MEP (p < 0.001) compared to controls. Individuals with DS also had lower BMD, which was associated with lower MIP and MEP. Hypotonia, sedentary lifestyle and obesity are factors that may explain lower MIP and MEP in DS. Strategies to increase RMS could decrease the risk of osteoporosis in the DS population.

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