داروهای روان گردان در بزرگسالان مبتلا به عقب ماندگی ذهنی: شیوع و شیوه های تجویز
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|73936||2004||13 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||4529 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Research in Developmental Disabilities, Volume 25, Issue 6, November–December 2004, Pages 509–521
People with mental retardation comprise an overmedicated population. Studies the last 20 years or so indicate that nearly 50% of people with mental retardation receiving care have been using psychotropic medication, in the treatment of psychiatric disorders and/or problem behaviours. The recent years guidelines for prescription of psychotropics have been developed, emphasizing, e.g. the presence of a diagnosis, consideration of alternatives, and evaluation. In spite of all this, we found that 37% of people with mental retardation in one Norwegian county were using psychotropics, mostly neuroleptics. Moreover, prescriptions frequently violated current guidelines, especially when conducted by general practitioners. For example, a lot of prescriptions had not been indicated by a diagnosis, alternatives to medications had rarely been explored, and evaluation of effects and side effects were exceptions. Psychiatrists complied more with current guidelines. Implications of the findings are discussed.