دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 73948
عنوان فارسی مقاله

آیا تخصصی سازی ورزش می تواند تناسب اندام و سلامت بزرگسالان با عقب ماندگی ذهنی را تحت تاثیر قرار بدهد؟

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
73948 2010 6 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید محاسبه نشده
خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.
عنوان انگلیسی
Could sport specialization influence fitness and health of adults with mental retardation?
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Research in Developmental Disabilities, Volume 31, Issue 5, September–October 2010, Pages 1070–1075

کلمات کلیدی
مهارت های حرکتی؛ آموزش؛ تناسب اندام؛ ورزش؛ سلامتی؛ ناتوانی ذهنی
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله آیا تخصصی سازی ورزش می تواند تناسب اندام و سلامت بزرگسالان با عقب ماندگی ذهنی را تحت تاثیر قرار بدهد؟

چکیده انگلیسی

Although several studies showed the positive effects of exercise and physical activity on health and well-being for individuals with ID, there is a lack of information about the influence of sport specialization on fitness and health components. Therefore, the aims of this study were to assess: (a) physical fitness of athletes with intellectual disability (ID) compared with individuals included in recreational and leisure activity programs (non-athletic people); (b) contribution of sport specialization on athletes’ fitness; and c) correlation of each fitness variable with subjects’ ID levels. Twenty-two track and field, 19 basketball, and 23 non-athletic adults were recruited. Before and after a 9-month period, all participants performed fitness tests assessing body composition, flexibility (SR), arm muscular strength (HG), lower and upper-body muscular strength and endurance (SUP and PUP), explosive leg power (SLJ), cardiovascular endurance (ST), balance ability (FT), motor coordination (TUGT). The results showed that participants’ weight, BMI and FT were significantly affected by time; SLJ by activity; ST, HG, PUP, SUP, and TUGT by both time and activity. Only track and field athletes increased significantly ST. All athletes improved significantly HG, PUP and SUP, instead non-athletic people decreased significantly SUP (p < 0.01). TUGT improved significantly in track and field athletes (p < 0.05), and decreased significantly in non-athletic people. ID level was positively correlated to TUGT. Findings of this study showed that physical activity improved fitness in adult athletes with ID, decreasing health risks. Athletes with lower ID obtained higher performance scores in motor coordination test.

خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.