دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 74274
عنوان فارسی مقاله

ترس از شب کودکان: رتبه بندی های پدر و مادر - کودک از فرکانس، محتوا، ریشه، رفتارهای مقابله ای و شدت

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
74274 2001 16 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید محاسبه نشده
خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.
عنوان انگلیسی
Children's nighttime fears: parent–child ratings of frequency, content, origins, coping behaviors and severity
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Behaviour Research and Therapy, Volume 39, Issue 1, January 2001, Pages 13–28

کلمات کلیدی
ترس از شب؛ فرزندان؛ اضطراب؛ اختلالات اضطرابی؛ ریشه
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله ترس از شب کودکان: رتبه بندی های پدر و مادر - کودک از فرکانس، محتوا، ریشه، رفتارهای مقابله ای و شدت

چکیده انگلیسی

The present study investigated nighttime fears in normal school children aged 4 to 12 yr (N=176). Children and their parents were interviewed about the frequency, content, origins, coping behaviors and severity of children's nighttime fears. Results showed that 73.3% of the children reported nighttime fears, indicating that these fears are quite prevalent. Inspection of the developmental course of nighttime fears revealed that these fears are common among 4- to 6-year-olds, become even more frequent in 7- to 9-year-olds and then remain relatively stable in 10- to 12-year-olds. Inspection of the origins of nighttime fears revealed that most of the children (i.e., almost 80%) attributed their fear to negative information; conditioning and modeling were endorsed less frequently (25.6% and 13.2%, respectively). A substantial percentage of the children (24.0%) indicated that learning experiences had not played a role in the acquisition of their nighttime fears. Children reported a variety of coping strategies in order to deal with their nighttime fears and generally rated these strategies as helpful in reducing anxiety. Furthermore, children's nighttime fears were associated with moderate levels of anxiety. Moreover, in about 10% of the children, nighttime fears were related to one or more DSM-III-R anxiety disorders. Finally, parental reports of children's nighttime fears substantially deviated from children's reports. Most importantly, parents provided a marked underestimation of the frequency of nighttime fears, at least as reported by their children.

خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.