دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 74321
عنوان فارسی مقاله

الگوهای تصمیم گیری و حساسیت به تشویق و تنبیه در کودکان مبتلا به اختلال نقص توجه بیش فعالی

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
74321 2009 6 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید محاسبه نشده
خرید مقاله
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عنوان انگلیسی
Decision-making patterns and sensitivity to reward and punishment in children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : International Journal of Psychophysiology, Volume 72, Issue 3, June 2009, Pages 283–288

کلمات کلیدی
بیش فعالی؛ آیووا کار قمار؛ حساسیت به تشویق و تنبیه ؛ تصمیم گیری استراتژی؛ الگوهای T
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله الگوهای تصمیم گیری و حساسیت به تشویق و تنبیه در کودکان مبتلا به اختلال نقص توجه بیش فعالی

چکیده انگلیسی

Earlier studies have demonstrated that attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is associated with aberrant sensitivity to rewards and punishments. Although some studies have focused on real-life decision making in children with ADHD using the Iowa gambling task, the number of good deck choices, a frequently used index of decision-making ability in the gambling task, is insufficient for investigating the complex decision-making strategies in subjects. In the present study, we investigated decision-making strategies in ADHD children, analyzing T-patterns with rewards, with punishments, and without rewards and punishments during the gambling task, and examined the relationship between decision-making strategies and skin conductance responses (SCRs) to rewards and punishments. We hypothesized that ADHD children and normal children would employ different decision-making strategies depending on their sensitivity to rewards and punishments in the gambling task. Our results revealed that ADHD children had fewer T-patterns with punishments and exhibited a significant tendency to have many T-patterns with rewards, thus supporting our hypothesis. Moreover, in contrast to normal children, ADHD children failed to demonstrate differences between reward and punishment SCRs, supporting the idea that they had an aberrant sensitivity to rewards and punishments. Therefore, we concluded that ADHD children would be impaired in decision-making strategies depending on their aberrant sensitivity to rewards and punishments. However, we were unable to specify whether large reward SCRs or small punishment SCRs is generated in ADHD children.

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