دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 74389
عنوان فارسی مقاله

خشم، احساسات منفی و واکنش های قلبی و عروقی در جریان مخاصمات بین فردی در زنان

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
74389 2001 10 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید محاسبه نشده
خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.
عنوان انگلیسی
Anger, negative emotions, and cardiovascular reactivity during interpersonal conflict in women
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Journal of Psychosomatic Research, Volume 51, Issue 3, September 2001, Pages 503–512

کلمات کلیدی
تحریک خشم؛ واکنش قلب و عروق؛ احساسات منفی - زنان
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله خشم، احساسات منفی و واکنش های قلبی و عروقی در جریان مخاصمات بین فردی در زنان

چکیده انگلیسی

Objective: In order to evaluate the relationship between women's subjective emotional discomfort with anger and cardiovascular responses to stress, cardiovascular and affective responses were examined during two anger-provoking conditions: one in which anger would be in self-defense, and one in which anger would be in defense of a significant other. Methods: A total of 42 healthy, normotensive women aged 18–35 years recruited a close female friend to participate in the study with them, and were randomly assigned to one of two harassment conditions: (i) Self-Harass, where women were harassed while performing a math task; (ii) Friend-Harass, where women witnessed a close female friend being harassed while their friend performed a math task. Results: Self-Harass and Friend-Harass women reported feeling equally angry, annoyed, and irritated (all P's<.01) during their respective anger-provocation conditions. However, Self-Harass women reported experiencing significantly greater increases in feelings of depression and guilt during anger provocation (P's<.05) relative to Friend-Harass women. Interestingly, it was also the Self-Harass women who exhibited significantly greater elevations in heart rate (HR), cardiac output (CO), systolic blood pressure (SBP), forearm blood flow (FBF), and significant reductions in forearm vascular resistance (FVR; P's<.001) relative to Friend-Harass women during anger provocation. Conclusions: Results suggest that women may experience other negative emotions (e.g., guilt, depression) when anger is in self-defense relative to when it is in defense of others, and that these emotions may play a more important role than anger in moderating cardiovascular reactivity (CVR) during interpersonal conflict.

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