دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 74475
عنوان فارسی مقاله

هرزه خواری در افراد با معلولیت رشدی: روش های درمان

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
74475 2013 8 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید محاسبه نشده
خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.
عنوان انگلیسی
Pica in persons with developmental disabilities: Approaches to treatment
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Research in Developmental Disabilities, Volume 34, Issue 9, September 2013, Pages 2564–2571

کلمات کلیدی
هرزه خواری - معلولیت رشدی؛ رفتار؛ اوتیسم؛ معلولیت ذهنی
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله هرزه خواری در افراد با معلولیت رشدی: روش های درمان

چکیده انگلیسی

Pica is a very serious problem in which an individual ingests substances without nutrition value, such as paper and paint. As this behavior is often life-threatening resulting in surgery, pica has received attention from researchers for several decades. During that time, a number of interventions have been devised, such as behavioral methods (e.g., aversive stimuli, overcorrection, time-out, reinforcement) and biological interventions (e.g., pharmacotherapy, nutritional supplements). This paper is a broad review of the research on treatment studies for this problem, with a focus on persons with autism and/or intellectual disability (ID), which constitutes almost all of the published treatment papers. In addition, strengths and weaknesses of different pica treatments are discussed. Upon review, applied behavior analysis (ABA) was found to have the most robust empirical support to treat this behavior. Most clinicians are drifting away from aversive techniques and relying on more positive procedures to guide their treatment plans. The implications of current status and future directions for research are also addressed.

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