پرورش رفتار حرکتی کودکان با معلولیت رشدی: مروری بر مطالعات با استفاده از تردمیل و واکر همراه با میکرو سوئیچ
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|74541||2009||15 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||8061 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Research in Developmental Disabilities, Volume 30, Issue 2, March–April 2009, Pages 308–322
This paper provides an overview of studies using programs with treadmills or walkers with microswitches and contingent stimulation to foster locomotor behavior of children with developmental disabilities. Twenty-six studies were identified in the period 2000–2008 (i.e., the period in which research in this area has actually taken shape). Twenty-one of the studies involved the use of treadmills (i.e., 13 were aimed at children with cerebral palsy, 6 at children with Down syndrome, and 2 at children with Rett syndome or cerebellar ataxia). The remaining five studies concerned the use of walkers with microswitches and contingent stimulation with children with multiple disabilities. The outcomes of the studies tended to be positive but occasional failures also occurred. The outcomes were analyzed considering the characteristics of the approaches employed, the implications of the approaches for the participants’ overall functioning situation (development), as well as methodological and practical aspects related to those approaches. Issues for future research were also examined.