استفاده از یک زمان تایمر، موجب افزایش رفتار مناسب انتظار در یک کودک با معلولیت رشدی می شود
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|74558||2009||8 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||3919 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Research in Developmental Disabilities, Volume 30, Issue 2, March–April 2009, Pages 359–366
This study aimed to examine the use of a predictive stimulus (Time Timer™) and delayed reinforcement to increase appropriate waiting behavior in a child with developmental disabilities and problem behavior maintained by access to tangible items and activities. The study employed a changing criterion design across settings to gradually increase reinforcement delay from 1 s to 10 min. Firstly a baseline phase was conducted to measure the duration of appropriate waiting behavior to access tangible reinforcers/activities. Phase 2 involved the use of a red cue card and the verbal instruction “wait”. Phase 3 involved the introduction of the Time Timer™ with the cue card attached, and the verbal instruction “wait”. Finally, Phase 4 utilised the Time Timer™ without the cue card. This method was an effective strategy for increasing appropriate waiting behavior with this participant in a school setting. The role of adding a concurrent activity during the reinforcement delay, using cues to predict reinforcement, future generalization, maintenance and the teaching of functionally equivalent skills are discussed.