اختلالات زمان بندی احساس پیکری در اسکیزوفرنی
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|74734||2013||6 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||5009 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Psychiatry Research: Neuroimaging, Volume 212, Issue 1, 30 April 2013, Pages 73–78
Schizophrenia is often accompanied by disturbances in motor behavior thought to result from abnormalities in the brain's timing mechanisms. Virtually all behavior has a motor component, and proper regulation of motor behavior is often dependent upon accurate registration of somatosensory input. This study uses the steady-state evoked response (SSR) to quantify the accuracy of timing of the neocortical response to rapidly presented tactile somatosensory stimuli in patients with schizophrenia compared to control subjects. We used magnetic evoked fields and source space projection to estimate the time course of equivalent current sources in somatosensory cortex. Wavelet-based time-frequency analysis was used to compute intertrial timing consistency and amplitudes. SSRs in schizophrenic subjects demonstrated decreased performance in both metrics to contralateral 25-Hz tactile stimulation. Previous studies have reported similar abnormalities in the SSR in both auditory and visual domains. The magnetic SSR to tactile stimuli is thought to reflect activation of layer 3 pyramidal cells in primary sensory cortex. Thus, these findings, as in other sensory domains, are suggestive of impaired GABAergic inhibitory interneuronal control of the timing of pyramidal cell activity. This deficit may be intrinsic to neocortex, or might reflect as well impairment of cerebellar and/or thalamic involvement. These findings reinforce the notion that abnormalities in the brain's timing mechanisms are a central component of the schizophrenia syndrome.