در جستجوی انتظارات در اختلال عاطفی تک قطبی
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|74893||2005||6 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||4415 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : European Neuropsychopharmacology, Volume 15, Issue 5, October 2005, Pages 511–516
Controversial evidence exists regarding the presence of the phenomenon of anticipation in affective disorder. To further evaluate this hypothesis on the unipolar pattern of the disease, we examined 21 two-generation pairs of first and second degree relatives with unipolar recurrent major depression. Biases from index-patient and from unaffected sibs were taken into consideration. A significant difference in the age at onset and episode frequency (as measure of disease severity) between parental and offspring generation was observed. The median age at onset of the parental generation was 37±8.2 years compared to 22±8.3 years in the offspring generation (p=0.001). The offspring generation also experienced an episode frequency two times greater than the parent generation (p=0.001). Anticipation was demonstrated in 95% of pairs regarding age at onset and in 84% of pairs in episode frequency. However, the observation of a birth cohort effect may possibly explain the differences in age at onset between generations in our sample.