دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 75143
عنوان فارسی مقاله

کابوس مداوم با اقدام به خودکشی مداوم مرتبط است: یک مطالعه آینده نگر

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
75143 2009 4 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید 4246 کلمه
خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.
عنوان انگلیسی
Persistent nightmares are associated with repeat suicide attempt: A prospective study
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Psychiatry Research, Volume 170, Issues 2–3, 30 December 2009, Pages 208–211

کلمات کلیدی
خواب؛ کابوس؛ اقدام به خودکشی
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی
Sleep; Nightmares; Suicide attempt
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله کابوس مداوم با اقدام به خودکشی مداوم مرتبط است: یک مطالعه آینده نگر

چکیده انگلیسی

The aim of this prospective study was to determine if sleep disturbances and nightmares are associated with increased risk of repeat suicide attempt. Patients (n = 165) aged 18–68 years who were admitted to medical or psychiatric wards after a suicide attempt completed an initial interview; 98 of these took part in a 2-month follow-up interview. The Structured Clinical Interview for the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV) and two self-report instruments, the Uppsala Sleep Inventory and the Comprehensive Psychopathological Rating Scale (CPRS) Self-Rating Scale for Affective Syndromes, were administered both at baseline and follow-up. Data concerning repeat suicide attempts within 2 years were obtained from hospital records. Analyses were performed using Student's t-test, chi-square test, and logistic regression. In total 42 patients (26%) made at least one repeat suicide attempt within 2 years. While neither difficulties initiating/maintaining sleep nor early morning awakening at baseline predicted repeat attempt, having frequent nightmares did (OR = 3.15). The risk was further heightened when nightmares were reported at both baseline and 2-month follow-up (OR = 5.20). These associations remained after adjusting for sex, axis-I DSM-IV diagnoses, and self-reported depression and anxiety symptom intensity. Our findings suggest that nightmares might constitute a marker for increased risk of suicidal behavior.

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