دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 75409
عنوان فارسی مقاله

اجتناب از بیماری ها و نژادپرستی: اثرات آسیب پذیری بیماری و حساسیت انزجار بر نگرش گروهی

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
75409 2006 13 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید محاسبه نشده
خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.
عنوان انگلیسی
Disease avoidance and ethnocentrism: the effects of disease vulnerability and disgust sensitivity on intergroup attitudes
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Evolution and Human Behavior, Volume 27, Issue 4, July 2006, Pages 270–282

کلمات کلیدی
تشکیل ائتلاف؛ حساسیت انزجاری؛ ترس از مرگ - در گروه؛ خارج گروه؛ تعصب درون گروهی؛ تعصب
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله اجتناب از بیماری ها و نژادپرستی: اثرات آسیب پذیری بیماری و حساسیت انزجار بر نگرش گروهی

چکیده انگلیسی

Extending a model relating xenophobia to disease avoidance [Faulkner, J., Schaller, M., Park, J. H., & Duncan, L. A. (2004). Evolved disease-avoidance mechanisms and contemporary xenophobic attitudes. Group Processes & Intergroup Relations, 7(4), 333–353.], we argue that both inter- and intragroup attitudes can be understood in terms of the costs and benefits of interacting with the in-group versus out-groups. In ancestral environments, interaction with members of the in-group will generally have posed less risk of disease transmission than interaction with members of an out-group, as individuals will have possessed antibodies to many of the pathogens present in the former, in contrast to those prevalent among the latter. Moreover, because coalitions are more likely among in-group members, the in-group would have been a potential source of aid in the event of debilitating illness. We conducted two online studies exploring the relationship between disease threat and intergroup attitudes. Study 1 found that ethnocentric attitudes increase as a function of perceived disease vulnerability. Study 2 found that in-group attraction increases as a function of disgust sensitivity, both when measured as an individual difference variable and when experimentally primed. We discuss these results with attention to the relationships among disease salience, out-group negativity, and in-group attraction.

خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.