دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 75551
عنوان فارسی مقاله

مهاجرت برای کار اهانت آمیز به عنوان فرار از تحقیر

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
75551 2011 7 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید محاسبه نشده
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عنوان انگلیسی
Migration for degrading work as an escape from humiliation
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Volume 77, Issue 3, March 2011, Pages 241–247

کلمات کلیدی
محرومیت نسبی؛ کار تحقیر آمیز؛ تحقیر؛ تعادل چندگانه؛ ارزیابی رفاه؛ پیامدهای سیاسی
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله مهاجرت برای کار اهانت آمیز به عنوان فرار از تحقیر

چکیده انگلیسی

This paper develops a model of voluntary migration into degrading work. The essence of the model is a tension between two “bads:” that which arises from being relatively deprived at home, and that which arises from engaging in humiliating work away from home. Balancing between these two “bads” can give rise to an explicit, voluntary choice to engage in humiliating work. The paper identifies conditions under which a migrant will choose to engage in degrading work rather than being forced into it, to work abroad as a prostitute, say, rather than on a farm. The paper delineates the possible equilibria and finds that greater relative deprivation will make it more likely that the equilibrium outcome will be “engagement in prostitution.” It is shown that under well specified conditions, every individual will work as a prostitute, yet every individual would be better off working on a farm. Put differently, when specific conditions are satisfied, there is a possibility of a “coordination failure:” if individuals believe that everyone else will choose to be a prostitute, this belief will be self-fulfilling. In this case, all the individuals choose to engage in prostitution, which renders each of them worse off. The paper discusses various policy implications. It is shown that a policy intervention (a crackdown on migrants’ engagement in prostitution), if implemented strictly, can increase everyone's welfare, but when the policy is implemented loosely, cracking down on prostitution will only reduce individuals’ welfare without reducing their engagement in prostitution.

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