دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 75675
عنوان فارسی مقاله

نقش پذیری علی در یادگیری ساختار علی

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
75675 2012 33 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید 21344 کلمه
خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.
عنوان انگلیسی
Causal imprinting in causal structure learning
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Cognitive Psychology, Volume 65, Issue 3, November 2012, Pages 381–413

کلمات کلیدی
یادگیری ساختار سببی؛ استدلال علی؛ تجدید نظر اعتقاد، تعصبات شناختی؛ مدل سازی بیزی
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی
Causal structure learning; Causal reasoning; Belief revision; Cognitive biases; Bayesian modeling
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله نقش پذیری علی در یادگیری ساختار علی

چکیده انگلیسی

Suppose one observes a correlation between two events, B and C, and infers that B causes C. Later one discovers that event A explains away the correlation between B and C. Normatively, one should now dismiss or weaken the belief that B causes C. Nonetheless, participants in the current study who observed a positive contingency between B and C followed by evidence that B and C were independent given A, persisted in believing that B causes C. The authors term this difficulty in revising initially learned causal structures “causal imprinting.” Throughout four experiments, causal imprinting was obtained using multiple dependent measures and control conditions. A Bayesian analysis showed that causal imprinting may be normative under some conditions, but causal imprinting also occurred in the current study when it was clearly non-normative. It is suggested that causal imprinting occurs due to the influence of prior knowledge on how reasoners interpret later evidence. Consistent with this view, when participants first viewed the evidence showing that B and C are independent given A, later evidence with only B and C did not lead to the belief that B causes C.

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