دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 76156
عنوان فارسی مقاله

درک کودکان از چهره های مبهم: کدام رشد شناختی برای تجربه معکوس لازم است؟

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
76156 2005 15 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید محاسبه نشده
خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.
عنوان انگلیسی
Children's understanding of ambiguous figures: Which cognitive developments are necessary to experience reversal?
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Cognitive Development, Volume 20, Issue 3, July–September 2005, Pages 407–421

کلمات کلیدی
چهره مبهم؛ نظریه ذهن؛ ابهام؛ عملکرد اجرایی؛ تصاویر بصری
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله درک کودکان از چهره های مبهم: کدام رشد شناختی برای تجربه معکوس لازم است؟

چکیده انگلیسی

In two experiments involving one hundred and thirty-eight 3- to 5-year-olds we examined the claim that a complex understanding of ambiguity is required to experience reversal of ambiguous stimuli [Gopnik, A., & Rosati, A. (2001). Duck or rabbit? Reversing ambiguous figures and understanding ambiguous representations. Developmental Science, 4, 175–183]. In Experiment 1 a novel Production task measured the ability to acknowledge both interpretations of ambiguous figures. This was as easy as and significantly correlated with a False Belief task, and easier than a Droodle task. We replicated this finding in Experiment 2, and also found that perceiving reversal of ambiguous figures was harder than either the False Belief or Production tasks. In contrast to previous findings, the Reversal and Droodle tasks were not specifically related. We conclude that children only attempt reversal once they can understand the representational relationship between the figure and its two interpretations. The process resulting in reversal however is hard, probably requiring additional developments in executive functioning and imagery abilities.

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