آیا انزجار باعث افزایش فعال سازی پاراسمپاتیک در افراد با سابقه غش می شود؟ تجزیه و تحلیل روانشناختی از محرک انزجار با و بدون ارتباط با "جراحت - تزریق - خون"
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|76310||2012||10 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||محاسبه نشده|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Journal of Anxiety Disorders, Volume 26, Issue 8, December 2012, Pages 849–858
People with blood–injection–injury fear can faint when being confronted with blood, injections or injuries. Page (1994) holds that people with blood–injury phobia faint, because they are disgust sensitive and disgust facilitates fainting by eliciting parasympathetic activity. We tested the following two hypotheses: (1) Disgusting pictures elicit more disgust in blood–injection–injury-anxious people with a history of fainting than they do in controls. (2) Disgust causes parasympathetic activation. Subjects were 24 participants with high blood–injection–injury fear and a history of fainting in anxiety relevant situations and 24 subjects with average blood–injection–injury fear and no fainting history. We analyzed self-reported feelings of disgust, anxiety and faintness and reactions in heart rate, skin conductance, blood pressure and respiratory sinus arrhythmia during the confrontation with disgusting pictures with and without blood content. We did not find any evidence that the blood–injection–injury anxious subjects were more disgust sensitive than the control subjects and we also did not find any evidence that disgust elicits parasympathetic activation.