دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 76595
عنوان فارسی مقاله

استرس روانی- اجتماعی مربوط به بهداشت : مطالعه تئوری قدیمی زنان در سراسر دورة زندگی در اوریسا، هند

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
76595 2015 10 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید محاسبه نشده
خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.
عنوان انگلیسی
Sanitation-related psychosocial stress: A grounded theory study of women across the life-course in Odisha, India
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Social Science & Medicine, Volume 139, August 2015, Pages 80–89

کلمات کلیدی
بهداشت؛ زنان؛ جنسیت؛ استرس روانی؛ اجابت مزاج باز؛ خشونت جنسی؛ هندوستان
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله استرس روانی- اجتماعی مربوط به بهداشت : مطالعه تئوری قدیمی زنان در سراسر دورة زندگی در اوریسا، هند

چکیده انگلیسی

While sanitation interventions have focused primarily on child health, women's unique health risks from inadequate sanitation are gaining recognition as a priority issue. This study examines the range of sanitation-related psychosocial stressors during routine sanitation practices in Odisha, India. Between August 2013 and March 2014, we conducted in-depth interviews with 56 women in four life stages: adolescent, newly married, pregnant and established adult women in three settings: urban slums, rural villages and indigenous villages. Using a grounded theory approach, the study team transcribed, translated, coded and discussed interviews using detailed analytic memos to identify and characterize stressors at each life stage and study site. We found that sanitation practices encompassed more than defecation and urination and included carrying water, washing, bathing, menstrual management, and changing clothes. During the course of these activities, women encountered three broad types of stressors—environmental, social, and sexual—the intensity of which were modified by the woman's life stage, living environment, and access to sanitation facilities. Environmental barriers, social factors and fears of sexual violence all contributed to sanitation-related psychosocial stress. Though women responded with small changes to sanitation practices, they were unable to significantly modify their circumstances, notably by achieving adequate privacy for sanitation-related behaviors. A better understanding of the range of causes of stress and adaptive behaviors is needed to inform context-specific, gender-sensitive sanitation interventions.

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