کاهش انحراف حافظه در خود گوارشی خودخواهانه : اثر تسهیل اجتماعی غیر مستقیم
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|76870||2007||9 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||3687 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Personality and Individual Differences, Volume 42, Issue 4, March 2007, Pages 723–731
An experiment examined the impact of indirect social monitoring on memory distortions found in ‘egoistic self-enhancers’, that is, individuals prone to self-reporting enhanced traits related to social status and dominance (Paulhus & John, 1998). One-hundred-and-sixty-six students from a large urban university (117 women and 49 men, mean age = 23.0 years) were randomly assigned to two conditions. Those in the ‘Video-Camera’ condition completed a bogus personality feedback task designed to index self-enhancing memory biases (Djikic, Peterson, & Zelazo, 2005) in presence of a video-camera aimed in their direction, while participants in the ‘Control’ condition completed the same task, but without the video-camera. The results show that high egoists in the ‘Video-Camera’ condition experienced significantly less positive memory distortion than high egoists in the ‘Control’ condition, suggesting that indirect social monitoring can interfere with early information processing biases found in egoistic self-enhancers.