دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 77299
عنوان فارسی مقاله

دیدگاه شراکت محاوره ای حافظه و توصیف های فضایی را تحت تاثیر قرار می دهد

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
77299 2013 20 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید محاسبه نشده
خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.
عنوان انگلیسی
The conversational partner’s perspective affects spatial memory and descriptions
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Journal of Memory and Language, Volume 68, Issue 2, February 2013, Pages 140–159

کلمات کلیدی
اتخاذ چشمانداز - حافظه فضایی؛ طراحی مخاطب؛ زمینه های مشترک؛ توصیف های فضایی
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله دیدگاه شراکت محاوره ای حافظه و توصیف های فضایی را تحت تاثیر قرار می دهد

چکیده انگلیسی

We examined whether people spontaneously represent the partner’s viewpoint in spatial memory when it is available in advance and whether they adapt their spontaneous descriptions accordingly. In 18 pairs, Directors studied arrays of objects while: (1) not knowing about having to describe the array to a Matcher, (2) knowing about the subsequent description, and (3) knowing the Matcher’s subsequent viewpoint, which was offset by 90°, 135°, or 180°. In memory tests preceding descriptions, Directors represented the Matcher’s viewpoint when it was known during study, taking longer to imagine orienting to perspectives aligned with it and rotating their drawings of arrays toward it. Conversely, when Directors didn’t know their Matcher’s viewpoint, they encoded arrays egocentrically, being faster to imagine orienting to and to respond from perspectives aligned with their own. Directors adapted their descriptions flexibly, using partner-centered spatial expressions more frequently when misaligned by 90° and egocentric ones when misaligned by 135°. Knowing their misalignment in advance helped partners recognize when descriptions would be most difficult for Directors (at 135°) and to mutually agree on using their perspective. Thus, in collaborative tasks, people don’t rely exclusively on their spatial memory but also use other pertinent perceptual information (e.g., their misalignment from their partner) to assess the computational demands on each partner and select strategies that maximize the efficiency of communication.

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پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.