دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 77325
عنوان فارسی مقاله

زبان، فضا، و توسعه انعطاف پذیری شناختی در انسان: مورد دو وظیفه حافظه فضایی

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
77325 2001 37 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید محاسبه نشده
خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.
عنوان انگلیسی
Language, space, and the development of cognitive flexibility in humans: the case of two spatial memory tasks ☆
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Cognition, Volume 79, Issue 3, May 2001, Pages 263–299

کلمات کلیدی
زبان؛ فضا؛ انعطاف پذیری شناختی؛ انسان؛ وظایف حافظه فضایی
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله زبان، فضا، و توسعه انعطاف پذیری شناختی در انسان: مورد دو وظیفه حافظه فضایی

چکیده انگلیسی

Prior experiments have shown that young children, like adult rats, rely mainly on information about the macroscopic shape of the environment to reorient themselves, whereas human adults rely more flexibly on combinations of spatial and non-spatial landmark information. Adult rats have also been shown to exhibit a striking limitation in another spatial memory task, movable object search, again a limitation not shown by human adults. The present experiments explored the developmental change in humans leading to more flexible, human adult-like performance on these two tasks. Experiment 1 identified the age range of 5–7 years as the time the developmental change for reorientation occurs. Experiment 2 employed a multiple regression approach to determine that among several candidate measures, only a specific language production measure, the production of phrases specifying exactly the information needed to solve the task like adults, correlated with the reorientation performance of children in this age range. Experiment 3 revealed that similar language production abilities were associated with more flexible moving object search task performance. These results, in combination with findings with human adults, suggest that language production skills play a causal role in allowing older humans to construct novel representations rapidly, which can then be used to transcend the limits of phylogenetically older cognitive processes.

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