مدیریت ریسک و کنترل رفتار ایمنی کارگران در معدن زغال سنگ
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی|
|775||2012||5 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید|
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Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Safety Science, Volume 50, Issue 4, April 2012, Pages 909–913
According to the risk management characteristics and the actual needs of safety production in coal mine, we thoroughly analyze the system of risk management method in coal mine and implement it in Geting Coal Mine. The system manages and controls the potential accident risks, hazard sources and human behavior risks. On this basis, the system of workers’ safety behavior control technology in coal mine is further studied, the “three disobeying” is classified and managed, the “three disobeying” database and safety countermeasures database are established, and the application software – the system of risk management and safety countermeasures optimization in coal mine based on B/S mode is developed and applied, which uses intranet to analyze and supervise the “three disobeying”, publish early-warning information, optimize management and control countermeasures; at the same time, the important prompting messages can be automatically sent to the mobile phones of relevant managers and the person in charge through public communication system in order to improve the real time capability and effectiveness of unsafe behavior control. The technological system and application software implemented in Geting Coal Mine has achieved good results.
Risk management, is the pre-analysis, prediction and control of risk, and it is a management work of reducing risk loss, generally including risk identification, risk assessment, risk control and risk transference. Risk identification is to determine the possible risk type; Risk assessment mainly refers to the qualitative and quantitative analysis and description of various risk types; risk control is to reduce the occurrence probability and loss of risk, while the key point is to alter all kinds of conditions involving the behavior of risk accidents and loss expansion, for instance, the adaptation of safety protective measures, the reduction of the occurrence probability and its loss (Cao, 2006 and Shi et al., 2005). Due to the complicated production process and the harsh production conditions in coal mines, the problem of safety production in coal mine is more significant, complicated and difficult to solve compared with any other industry. Therefore, more attention should be paid to the risk management in coal mine production (Kang, 2010). The production practice and relevant studies in coal mine show that occurrence of safety accidents is mostly caused by the unsafe behavior of workers whose behaviors are restricted by their psychology, physiology and environment factors and cultural background (Sun et al., 2002). For the purpose of ensuring production safety, it is crucial that coal mine worker’s safety control be controlled (Liu, 2003). According to the above understanding and the actual requirements of safety production in coal mine, we investigate and implement the system of risk management method in Geting Coal Mine which has achieved good results (Li et al., 2009). Based on the previous study, this paper aims to thoroughly analyze the safety behavior control technology of workers in coal mine, formulate the complete technical system of risk management and safety behavior control of workers that will be carried out in the production site in coal mine.
نتیجه گیری انگلیسی
It is the urgent need to guarantee safety, normal production and workers’ life safety in coal mine by enhancing the risk management and scientifically controlling workers’ unsafe behavior. Computer network technology should be applied in the risk management of coal mine in order to carry out risk management timely and reliably and improve the level of information and modernization. The practice in Geting Coal Mine shows that the risk management of workers’ safety behavior control in coal mine as well as the related application software system is scientific and practical to apply in coal mine enterprise, hopefully achieving broad social benefits in its application and dissemination.