تنوع در میان فهرست از واژه ها در استخراج خطاهای حسی حافظه: شواهد برای فعال سازی ارتباطی و نظارت
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|77630||2002||29 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||21412 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Journal of Memory and Language, Volume 47, Issue 3, October 2002, Pages 469–497
Associative lists created by the same means are remarkably different in their propensity to elicit false memories in the DRM (Deese, 1959; Roediger & McDermott, 1995) paradigm. We confirmed this variability in Experiment 1 by constructing lists in the typical fashion but with words that were weakly associated to their critical words. Low levels of false recall occurred. In Experiment 2 these results were replicated at three presentation rates (.5, 1, and 3 s per word). Also, slower presentation rates yielded lower false recall for both strong and weak lists. Experiment 3 showed that false recognition rates also varied across lists, as did subjective ratings accompanying false recognition. We interpret these findings as supporting an activation/monitoring framework. Lists vary in a principled way in their tendency to activate the critical item, and slowing the presentation rate permits greater accrual of item-specific information that makes monitoring of retrieval more accurate.