دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 77828
عنوان فارسی مقاله

پنج سال بعد: بهبوداز استرس پس از سانحه و پریشانی روانی در میان مادران کم درآمد در توفان کاترینا

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
77828 2012 8 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید محاسبه نشده
خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.
عنوان انگلیسی
Five years later: Recovery from post traumatic stress and psychological distress among low-income mothers affected by Hurricane Katrina
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Social Science & Medicine, Volume 74, Issue 2, January 2012, Pages 150–157

کلمات کلیدی
سلامت روان؛ بلایای طبیعی؛ طوفان کاترینا؛ ایالات متحده آمریکا؛ زنان
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله پنج سال بعد: بهبوداز استرس پس از سانحه و پریشانی روانی در میان مادران کم درآمد در توفان کاترینا

چکیده انگلیسی

Hurricane Katrina, which struck the Gulf Coast of the United States in August 2005, exposed area residents to trauma and extensive property loss. However, little is known about the long-run effects of the hurricane on the mental health of those who were exposed. This study documents long-run changes in mental health among a particularly vulnerable group—low income mothers—from before to after the hurricane, and identifies factors that are associated with different recovery trajectories. Longitudinal surveys of 532 low-income mothers from New Orleans were conducted approximately one year before, 7–19 months after, and 43–54 months after Hurricane Katrina. The surveys collected information on mental health, social support, earnings and hurricane experiences. We document changes in post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS), as measured by the Impact of Event Scale-Revised, and symptoms of psychological distress (PD), as measured by the K6 scale. We find that although PTSS has declined over time after the hurricane, it remained high 43–54 months later. PD also declined, but did not return to pre-hurricane levels. At both time periods, psychological distress before the hurricane, hurricane-related home damage, and exposure to traumatic events were associated with PTSS that co-occurred with PD. Hurricane-related home damage and traumatic events were associated with PTSS without PD. Home damage was an especially important predictor of chronic PTSS, with and without PD. Most hurricane stressors did not have strong associations with PD alone over the short or long run. Over the long run, higher earnings were protective against PD, and greater social support was protective against PTSS. These results indicate that mental health problems, particularly PTSS alone or in co-occurrence with PD, among Hurricane Katrina survivors remain a concern, especially for those who experienced hurricane-related trauma and had poor mental health or low socioeconomic status before the hurricane.

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