دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 77829
عنوان فارسی مقاله

آیا مالکیت تو درست است ؟ روشن سازی اثرات اختلاف هویت در پریشانی روانی و احساسات

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
77829 2016 20 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید محاسبه نشده
خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.
عنوان انگلیسی
To thine own self be true? Clarifying the effects of identity discrepancies on psychological distress and emotions
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Social Science Research, Volume 58, July 2016, Pages 14–33

کلمات کلیدی
روانشناسی اجتماعی؛ هویت؛ عاطفی؛ پریشانی؛ خود آزمایی؛ تفاوت نمرات
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله آیا مالکیت تو درست است ؟ روشن سازی اثرات اختلاف هویت در پریشانی روانی و احساسات

چکیده انگلیسی

After many years of research across disciplines, it remains unclear whether people are more motivated to seek appraisals that accurately match self-views (self-verification) or are as favorable as possible (self-enhancement). Within sociology, mixed findings in identity theory have fueled the debate. A problem here is that a commonly employed statistical approach does not take into account the direction of a discrepancy between how we see ourselves and how we think others see us in terms of a given identity, yet doing so is critical for determining which self-motive is at play. We offer a test of three competing models of identity processes, including a new “mixed motivations” model where self-verification and self-enhancement operate simultaneously. We compare the models using the conventional statistical approach versus response surface analysis. The latter method allows us to determine whether identity discrepancies involving over-evaluation are as distressing as those involving under-evaluation. We use nationally representative data and compare results across four different identities and multiple outcomes. The two statistical approaches lead to the same conclusions more often than not and mostly support identity theory and its assumption that people seek self-verification. However, response surface tests reveal patterns that are mistaken as evidence of self-verification by conventional procedures, especially for the spouse identity. We also find that identity discrepancies have different effects on distress and self-conscious emotions (guilt and shame). Our findings have implications not only for research on self and identity across disciplines, but also for many other areas of research that incorporate these concepts and/or use difference scores as explanatory variables.

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