دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 77914
عنوان فارسی مقاله

اثر زخم بیکاری در طول دوران بلوغ در پریشانی روانی سن 50 سالگی: برآورد کنترل پریشانی اوایل بزرگسالی و عوامل روانی کودکی

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
77914 2013 5 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید محاسبه نشده
خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.
عنوان انگلیسی
The scarring effect of unemployment throughout adulthood on psychological distress at age 50: Estimates controlling for early adulthood distress and childhood psychological factors
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Social Science & Medicine, Volume 80, March 2013, Pages 19–23

کلمات کلیدی
بیکاری؛ از دست دادن شغل؛ پریشانی روانی؛ سلامت روان؛ اطلاعات - طول عمر؛ انگلستان
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله اثر زخم بیکاری در طول دوران بلوغ در پریشانی روانی سن 50 سالگی: برآورد کنترل پریشانی اوایل بزرگسالی و عوامل روانی کودکی

چکیده انگلیسی

Unemployment is an established predictor of psychological distress. Despite this robust relationship, the long-term impact of unemployment on human welfare has been examined in relatively few studies. In this investigation we test the association between the life-time duration of unemployment over a 34 year period from 1974 to 2008 and psychological distress at age 50 years in a sample of 6253 British adults who took part in the National Child Development Study (NCDS). In addition to adjusting for demographic characteristics, we account for the role of childhood psychological factors, which have been shown to predict adult occupational and mental health outcomes and may determine the connection between unemployment and distress. We find that intelligence and behavioral/emotional problems at age 11 predict both unemployment and psychological distress later in life. Furthermore, as predicted, the duration of unemployment throughout adulthood was associated with elevated levels of psychological distress at age 50, after adjusting for demographic characteristics including labor force status at age 50. The emotional impact of unemployment was only marginally attenuated by the inclusion of childhood factors and early-life distress levels in the analyses. Thus, unemployment may lead to worsening distress levels that persist over time and which cannot be attributed to childhood or early-life well-being or cognitive functioning early in life. Our analysis further supports the idea of psychological scarring from unemployment and the importance of employment outcomes for adult well-being.

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