گرایش و حساسیت نسبت به تنفر : روابط افتراقی با علائم وسواس و عملکرد کاری رویکرد رفتاری
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|77939||2013||8 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||7318 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Journal of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders, Volume 2, Issue 4, October 2013, Pages 412–419
Research indicates that disgust propensity (DP; the tendency to respond with disgust) and disgust sensitivity (DS; the tendency to experience disgust as aversive) are differentially correlated and predictive of specific anxiety disorder symptoms. Based on this distinction, we sought to investigate the relationship of disgust indices to specific obsessive-compulsive (OC) symptoms in a large, non-clinical sample (N=755). DP significantly predicted washing symptoms even after controlling for the influence of gender, negative effect and anxiety sensitivity, whereas DS did not. Additionally, in a subset of participants (N=152) we examined the indices of DP and DS in the prediction of in vivo disgust and avoidance on a contamination-based behavioral approach task (BAT) while controlling for the aforementioned covariates and OC symptoms. Analyses revealed that elevated DP significantly predicted heightened disgust and greater behavioral avoidance on the BAT. Our data suggest important conceptual and phenomenological differences between the two disgust constructs: DP is more associated with avoidant action tendencies to repugnant materials whereas DS is linked with more general emotional sensitivity.