دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 77966
عنوان فارسی مقاله

تکان دادن احساس بدی ایجاد می کند: اثرات خاموش سازی و شمارنده شایسته سازی در تنفر مرتبط با ارزیابی آموزش

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
77966 2014 12 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید محاسبه نشده
خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.
عنوان انگلیسی
Shaking That Icky Feeling: Effects of Extinction and Counterconditioning on Disgust-Related Evaluative Learning ☆
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Behavior Therapy, Volume 45, Issue 5, September 2014, Pages 708–719

کلمات کلیدی
تنفر؛ اختلالات اضطرابی؛ ارزیابی شایسته سازی
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله تکان دادن احساس بدی ایجاد می کند: اثرات خاموش سازی و شمارنده شایسته سازی در تنفر مرتبط با ارزیابی آموزش

چکیده انگلیسی

Learned disgust appears to play an important role in certain anxiety disorders, and can be explained by the process of evaluative conditioning, in which an affective evaluative reaction evoked by an unconditional stimulus (US) is transferred to a conditional stimulus (CS). Much remains unknown about how disgust-related evaluative learning can be effectively eliminated. Study 1 of the present investigation examined the effects of extinction on reducing the negative evaluation of a CS that was acquired during disgust conditioning. Participants completed acquisition trials, with a disgusting picture as US and two neutral pictures as CS (CS + was paired with the US; CS- was unpaired), followed by extinction trials ("CS only"; experimental condition) or a filler task (control condition). Extinction trials reduced acquired US expectancy to the CS +, but did not extinguish negative evaluations of the CS +. Study 2 examined the effects of counterconditioning on evaluative learned disgust. After disgust acquisition trials, counterconditioning trials followed in which the CS + was paired with a pleasant US (experimental condition) or a filler task (control condition). Counterconditioning trials reduced acquired US expectancy to the CS + and reduced evaluative conditioned disgust. Implications of the potential differential effects of extinction and counterconditioning on evaluative learning for exposure-based treatment of specific anxiety disorders are discussed.

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